Civil society campaigns have driven humanitarian disarmament since its inception in the 1990s. While each campaign focuses on a different type of weapon or related activity, they all engage in “citizen diplomacy” in their efforts to end civilian suffering. The campaigns operate through global coalitions consisting of nongovernmental organizations from around the world that have joined forces to advance a common humanitarian goal. They actively involve survivors in their advocacy and partner with like-minded governments and international organizations. The campaigns seek to effect change through the establishment of new norms. Some of the humanitarian disarmament campaigns have achieved treaties and turned their attention to implementation and universalization; others are still in the process of norm building. Together they have shifted the focus of disarmament by placing people, not nations, at its center.